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How to Manage a Stadium Collapse (Qatar 2022)

FIFA World Cup 2022 Case

FIFA World Cup 2022 shall be remarkable event in the history of the State of Qatar because it shall be the first time that the championship to be held in an Arab country or Middle Eastern country in general. The good organization of this championship means that a good reputation for the country and for the Arab world in general proving that the Arab countries could organize big championships in the scale of FIFA World Cup. In additions, this championship shall activate tourism and pass movement in the country through entry and exit ports such as Hamad International Airport and this means additional income for the country from the air flights. The match tickets shall also constitute and additional income for the State of Qatar. In the same context, the organization of FIFA World Cup 2022 shall include some potential risks. These risks are such as the collapse of a stadium with the audience in the match because of the overloading or the big number of fans moving on it. This shall be a catastrophe for the country and for the organizers of the championship in addition to the international organizations. 


Importance of Having Plans for Stadium Collapse

However, the management of these risks shall mitigate its consequences and its negative effects. This shall be the responsibility of different organizations in the state of Qatar to train its workers on the best methods to act in the case that a stadium has collapsed. In additions, such authorities should collaborate with study and research organizations and institutes in order to make a report such as a case study for the similar cases that happened around the world in addition to the method of behaving in these events. This matter shall raise the awareness of the authorities about the scientific methods to use in order to solve or manage such risks. 

In additions, there should be campaigns for people in order to raise their awareness regarding the methods of behaving in the case that they were in the stadium and a danger has happened. Such campaign should be extended on television, radio, and social media websites. As a result of these steps, the possible risks that are related to the collapse of a certain stadium in FIFA World Cup 2022 shall be mitigated and minimized as well. This report shall discuss the role of the different organizations in the case that a stadium collapse has happened in the country during FIFA World Cup 2022, the principle of preparedness for emergency for responding to and recovering from any disaster either it is natural or made by man. In additions, it shall discuss the conflict that may arise from the work of different organizations in the championship risks' management, the role of media in controlling the risk globally on broadcasting stations and the key documents that are specialized in the response procedures for the risk.


Key Organizations Involved in Disaster Management and Appraising Their Roles

There are many organizations that would be involved in the management of disaster such as the collapse of a stadium during FIFA World Cup 2022. The first organization is the Ministry of Health. The role of the ministry of health is related to the relief of the injuries and rescuing the lives of the people in the place medically. This would happen through assigning ready medical teams and ambulances in the place in order to save the people in the case that a stadium has fallen. Such ambulances could be cars if there are routes for them and they could be helicopters in the case that there were no routes or that the medical case was urgent. This issue would help in providing the medical services to the fans who are afflicted with the collapse of a stadium. In additions, there should be near medical points to each one of the stadiums in order to make sure that any injured person shall get the proper and good medicines temporarily for his case. 

In additions, the Ministry of Health should prepare a pre-plan for dealing with a big number of injured people due to the collapse of a stadium in FIFA World Cup 2022. The second organization that is involved in the disaster management is the Ministry of Interior. Ministry of Interior shall be responsible for reaching to the place of the incident before any other organization. This is because policemen should help in securing the place from any other possible problems such as the approach of disallowed persons to the place of the incident. The policemen should then secure the place and freeing the path for the other organization or agencies such as Civil Defense and Ministry of Health men in order to transfer the dead or the injured people to hospitals. The third organization that shall be involved in the risk of the collapse of a stadium in FIFA World Cup 2022 is the Civil Defense. 

The main role of the Civil Defense personnel is rescuing people from the existent dangers. This is because such dangers are hard and they should be faced by only the personnel of the Civil Defense. These personnel should be trained to deal with any of the risks related to the collapse of stadiums based on academic and scientific resources. The training of the personnel of the Civil Defense should be specialized and intensified because the personnel of the Civil Defense have never witnessed any of the similar events. The last role is the role of the Qatari army that shall be responsible in helping with its equipment in the rescue works of the people (Rochdale Borough Council, 2017).


Principles of Emergency Preparedness for Response and Recovery from Natural and Man-made Disasters.

In fact, there are two types of disasters that could occur and require an emergency response. The first kind of emergency is made by men such as terrorism, explosions, shooting and kidnaping. The second kind of emergencies is related to natural causes such as the floods, earthquakes and hurricanes. Both actions either made by men or caused naturally could lead to the collapse of a stadium. This is to say that explosions of terrorist actions and earthquakes could cause a stadium to collapse. This part shall discuss two sides of the emergency or two main stages. The first stage that shall be discussed is the stage of the preparedness for the response to the danger or emergency either it was caused naturally or by man. The second stage shall include the recovery from the emergency that happened due to humans or due to natural disasters. 

Emergency planning could be defined as the management of the emergency that is related to mainlining the developed procedures for the prevention of the emergencies or for the mitigation of the consequences of the emergencies when they happen. This process is ongoing and systematic and it should contain all the lessons that are learned from such previous incidents. The step that follows the planning is called the preparedness and it means the procedures taken in order to achieve the plan and testing it. In this stage, the roles of individuals and organizations should be clear in regard to the duties and responsibilities. 

There are many kinds of responders. The first type is the agencies that are responsible for the civil protection in addition to the emergency services. This includes the local government and the emergency departments in hospitals of treatments. Moreover, it includes the managers of the health services, the agencies of public health, the agencies of the environment and the agencies of coastguard. 

The second kind of agencies is related to the responders that have specific roles for the cooperation in the support of the main efforts. This mainly includes the companies of utility, authorities of highway, railway, airport operators, harbor operators, safety executives, health executives and organizations of primary care. This kind does not include the army of the country because it interferes in exceptional cases where risks become very high. In fact, the participants in kind one and kind two should cooperate through sharing information with the aim of civil protection. This cooperation contributes to the enhancement of the response process. 

For the preparation of the emergency, there should be a build for the forecasting and surveillance system in order that the events could be detected in an early time for the mitigation of their bad effects. The second action that should be applied for the preparedness to the emergency is the political commitment advocacy for emergencies planning for the insurance of the resources that are needed from the partners at all levels. This issue includes the partners of the non-health services. 

The third action that should be applied for the preparedness to the emergency is the evaluation of the systemic management of the potential risks and emergencies for the provision of frameworks for the resilience maintaining in addition to ensuring a response that is effective. 


Elements of Effective Response:

The effective response plan includes some essential things that should be applied. The first element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is the development of profiles of risks for the determination of the emergencies that should be prioritized for planning. 

The second element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is planning and searching for the best method for the minimizing of the emergency impact. This issue includes the methods of reporting, the services that shall be provided, the remedial actions and the recovery plan. 

The third element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is prioritizing three main groups in all of the plans. These groups include the vulnerable, the victims and the responders. 

The fourth element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is the definition of the responsibilities and the role of the emergency cases partners. 

The fifth element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is making decisions according to coordination. 

The sixth element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is the establishment of communication lines with the public and other agencies for use. 

The seventh element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is performing some drills and exercises for testing the protocols. 

The eighth element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is training the responders. 

The last element of the effective response plan for the preparedness and response to an emergency case such as the collapse of a stadium is maintain the plans up to date and adding flexibility to them in order that they could be modified according to the need. In the case that the emergency has happened and ended, there should be three things after it. The first thing after the emergency is preparing a written report. The second thing after the emergency is auditing the response. The last thing after the emergency is reviewing and revising the plans that were performed in order to assure their correctness and suitability (Health Knowledge, 2017).


Key Elements of Potential Conflict to Disasters Resolution Arising from Various Agency Management Structures

In the times of disasters and emergency cases, many authorities and agencies work for relief and for the mitigation of the consequences of any of the disasters' negative effects. This happens through the main bodies in the country ad some of the volunteers. Due to the many parties working in the mitigation of the results of the emergency, there could be a state of conflict or an opaqueness in the distributed tasks and the responsibilities or duties of all the members. This matter requires a coordination between different authorities and agencies while coordination depends on communication. In the case that there was a difficulty in the communication, there shall be many problems in coordination between bodies and parties while this shall lead to many conflicts in tasks. 

In additions, it is common that many difficulties would occur during communication. This should be met with the establishment of process places for communication and distribution of tasks between authorities. This issue would lead to a big coordination because each body shall know what it is required to do. Besides, this communication center should have a direct communication with the head of each department in order to avoid any unduly delegation of tasks or a communication that would lead to a problem. (Heide, 1989)


Role of Media in Disaster Response

There is no doubt that media plays a crucial role in the lives of people. This is because it is the mean through which people get the information that they need. It is like a direct link among the emergency organizations and the public. It plays a role in the transfer of the information before the emergency, during it and after it to tell people what is going on. It has also a role in educating people about the emergencies and disasters through warning them from hazards, transmitting all the information after gathering it in regard to the affected regions and alerting the officials of the government, the public and relief organizations regarding some specific needs. In additions, it helps in the discussion of the preparedness for the disaster or the potential emergency cases. There should be effective and direct relationships for helping media to achieve this role through the communication between means of media and managing organizations of disasters. Many studies have shown that good interaction with the means of media leads to flowing information effectively in addition to a good management of the disaster aftermath. 

The means of media should obtain good and right information in a suitable time in order to avoid any occurrence for disarrangement or rumors about any of the disasters. This issue helps in avoiding any fear or horror at the pubic because of the lack of information or the spread of wrong information about rumors. In fact, means of media should avoid any wrong information and they should only get information from officials and specialists because this issue leads to many other problems. Media could mitigate the effect of any disaster through showing the role of the governmental authorities and humanitarian authorities in the mitigation of the consequences of the disaster (Dave, 2011).


Guidance Documents, Response Procedures and Inter-Agency Team Working Evaluation

There are many guidance documents for dealing with any of the disasters such as the fall of a stadium. Such documents are like the medical regulations of the Ministry of Health for dealing with big numbers of injured or dead persons due to a catastrophe, the regulations of the Civil Defense about how to respond to an emergency case and the previous researches and case studies in this regard. For the procedures and inter-agency working evaluation, there should be a] following reviews after the disaster for inspecting the points of strengths and points of weaknesses regarding the method through which authorities have responded to this disaster. This should be mutual between all people and it should not happen by an organization or a body away from other bodies. 

It is also important to note that the evaluation of the response shall depend on many things. The first thing on which the evaluation of the response, procedures and inter-agency team working shall depend is the time of response. This is a very important point in responding to a disaster such as the collapse of a stadium. 

The second thing on which the evaluation of the response, procedures and inter-agency team working shall depend is the achievement of all the tasks without any conflicts. This matter depends on communication and coordination and in the case that these two things were achieved, there shall not be any conflicts. 

The third thing on which the evaluation of the response, procedures and inter-agency team working shall depend is the number of the rescued people due to the works of the teams of different agencies and authorities. Such team work should be arranged and organized, focusing on the biggest aim that is rescuing the biggest number of people in the case that a stadium has fallen during FIFA World Cup 2022. 

The last thing on which the evaluation of the response, procedures and inter-agency team working shall depend is evaluating the aftermath actions for the recovery of the bad consequences or results of the catastrophe in the light of the teamwork. Through all these ways, there could be a precise evaluation for the actions taken during the disaster (Jackson, 2012).


Summary

To sum up, FIFA World Cup is the most important championship at all. This is because the popularity of football all over the world in addition to the big competition that occurs between big teams for winning this championship. It is a fact that hosting a big championship such this will have many positive effects. However, hosting such event is full of risks that could lead to many problems. This research has discussed the potential disaster of the fall of a stadium during a match. It discussed the roles of the authorities before, during and after the disaster.


How to Manage a Stadium Collapse (Qatar 2022)

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